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경흉부 심초음파를 이용한 관동맥 혈류속도 예비력에 의한 경피적 관동맥 성형술후 재협착의 비침습적인 진단

Other Titles
 Diagnosis of Coronary Restenosis Using Coronary Flow Reserve Measurements Obtained Through Transthoracic Doppler Echocardiography 
 임세중  ;  고영국  ;  강석민  ;  하종원  ;  최동훈  ;  장양수  ;  정남식 
 KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL, Vol.38(6) : 325-330, 2008 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Coronary flow reserve ; Coronary restenosis ; Echocardiography
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coronary flow reserve (CFR) decreases in the presence of significant coronary stenosis. Hence, CFR can be used for the detection of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, because CFR can also be affected by other conditions such as endothelial dysfunction, microvascular damage, and left ventricular hypertrophy, the absolute value of CFR is not routinely used for detection of coronary restenosis. We hypothesized that changes in the value of CFR, rather than the absolute CFR value, are better correlated with restenosis in various clinical settings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied 99 patients (71 males/28 females, mean age 58+/-11 years) who underwent successful PCI of the left anterior descending artery. Pre-PCI diagnoses were as follows: 37 unstable angina, 35 stable angina, 27 acute myocardial infarction. CFR using transthoracic Doppler was measured at 48 hours after PCI and at the time of follow-up angiography (6.0+/-1.5 months later). Coronary flow velocity was measured in the distal left anterior descending artery with a 7 MHz transducer (HDI 5,000, Philips, The Netherlands) at baseline and during intravenous infusion of adenosine (140 microgram.kg(-1).min(-1)). Mean diastolic coronary flow velocities from at least three cardiac cycles were averaged. RESULTS: CFRs in 69 patients without restenosis were 2.55+/-0.99 at 48 hours after PCI and 2.93+/-1.00 at follow-up (p<0.005). CFRs in 30 patients with restenosis (>50% in diameter stenosis) decreased significantly from 2.70+/-1.01 at 48 hours after PCI to 1.98+/-0.91 at follow-up (p<0.001). There was a significant difference in CFR change (ratio of CFR(followup)/CFR(initial)) between the two groups. CFR change had a better receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve than absolute CFR for prediction of restenosis [area under the curve (AUC) for absolute CFR=0.76, AUC for CFR change=0.82]. CONCLUSION: Restenosis after PCI leads to a significant decrease in CFR, even in the presence of variable baseline CFR values. Serial measurements of CFR can be used to detect restenosis after PCI
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Min(강석민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Rim, Se Joong(임세중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Chung, Nam Sik(정남식)
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
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