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Occurrence of Phthalates in Indoor Dust from Children's Facilities and Apartments in Seoul

 Ho-Hyun Kim  ;  Young-Wook Lim  ;  Ji-Yeon Yang  ;  Dong-Chun Shin 
 Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment (한국대기환경학회지), Vol.25(2) : 382-391, 2009 
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment(한국대기환경학회지)
Issue Date
Phthalates ; Dust ; Indoor characteristics ; Children ; Adult ; Daily intake
The aim of the study was to assess the levels in typical central borough of phthalate exposure by monitoring children's facilities (19 kindergartens and 21 elementary schools) and households (17 old apartments and 22 new apartments) via sampling indoor floor dust. A vacuum cleaner specifically prepared for sampling dust was attached to a filter of a vacuum cleaner dust collecting container. During the sample preparation process, containers made of glass were used and analysis was performed using GC-MSD. The mean concentration of DEHP was $412{\mu}g/g$, DnBP was $24{\mu}g/g$, and BBzP was $10{\mu}g/g$ dust. The indoor characteristics including floor, wall materials, years after construction, water leakage history for the past three years, and ventilation were also examined to categorize phthalate esters from the dust samples. From the flooring and wallpaper materials of kindergartens and elementary schools, DEHP in the dust sample appeared at a statistically significant level (p<0.05) when PVC materials were present. DEHP in the indoor dust also increased significantly (p<0.01) during the construction period. The daily intake of DEHP measured from indoor dust was 0.08~$19.7{\mu}g/kg/day$ for children and 0.02~$1.1{\mu}g/kg/day$ for adults (women). The results clearly revealed that phthalate exposure is greater in children than in adults (women) due to the indoor dust.
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4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ho Hyen(김호현)
Shin, Dong Chun(신동천) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
Yang, Ji Yeon(양지연)
Lim, Young Wook(임영욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
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