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Animation-assisted CPRII program as a reminder tool in achieving effective one-person-CPR performance

 Minhong Cho  ;  Junho Cho  ;  Young Hwan Choi  ;  Seungho Kim  ;  Ji Min Sung  ;  Hyun Soo Chung 
 RESUSCITATION, Vol.80(6) : 680-684, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Audiovisual Aids ; Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/education* ; Curriculum* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Single-Blind Method ; Video Recording'
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation ; Manikin ; Education ; Cellular phone
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the skill retention of two groups of lay persons, six months after their last CPR training. The intervention group was provided with animation-assisted CPRII (AA-CPRII) instruction on their cellular phones, and the control group had nothing but what they learned from their previous training.

METHODS: This study was a single blind randomized controlled trial. The participants' last CPR trainings were held at least six months ago. We revised our CPR animation for on-site CPR instruction content emphasizing importance of chest compression. Participants were randomized into two groups, the AA-CPRII group (n=42) and the control group (n=38). Both groups performed three cycles of CPR and their performances were video recorded. These video clips were assessed by three evaluators using a checklist. The psychomotor skills were evaluated using the ResusciAnne SkillReporter.

RESULTS: Using the 30-point scoring checklist, the AA-CPRII group had a significantly better score compared to the control group (p<0.001). Psychomotor skills evaluated with the AA-CPRII group demonstrated better performance in hand positioning (p=0.025), compression depth (p=0.035) and compression rate (p<0.001) than the control group.

CONCLUSION: The AA-CPRII group resulted in better checklist scores, including chest compression rate, depth and hand positioning. Animation-assisted CPR could be used as a reminder tool in achieving effective one-person-CPR performance. By installing the CPR instruction on cellular phones and having taught them CPR with it during the training enabled participants to perform better CPR.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Seung Ho(김승호)
Cho, Junho(조준호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2240-3989
Choa, Min Hong(좌민홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0338-994X
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