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Operative safety and oncologic outcomes of anal sphincter-preserving surgery with mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: 931 consecutive patients treated at a single institution

 Nam-Kyu Kim  ;  Young-Wan Kim  ;  Byung-Soh Min  ;  Kang-Young Lee  ;  Seung-Kook Sohn  ;  Chang-Hwan Cho 
 ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, Vol.16(4) : 900-909, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/surgery* ; Adenocarcinoma/therapy ; Anal Canal ; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant ; Colectomy/methods* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoadjuvant Therapy ; Radiotherapy, Adjuvant ; Rectal Neoplasms/surgery* ; Rectal Neoplasms/therapy ; Treatment Outcome
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the operative safety and long-term oncologic outcomes of sphincter-preserving surgery based on sharp mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. METHODS: Between January 1989 and June 2004, 931 patients underwent sphincter-preserving surgery based on sharp mesorectal excision. The operative safety and oncologic outcomes were assessed for the periods of 1989-1996 (n = 208) and 1997-2004 (n = 723). Total mesorectal excision (TME)-based sphincter-preserving surgery was performed during the period of 1989-1996. A multidisciplinary team approach and tailored mesorectal excision, which is the differential removal of the mesorectum, were our standard treatment for patients with rectal cancer during the period of 1997-2004. RESULTS: The use of preoperative chemoradiation (P < 0.001), ultralow anterior resection with coloanal anastomosis (P = 0.01), diverting stoma (P = 0.001), and <2 cm of a distal resection margin (P = 0.01) were more common during the period of 1997-2004. There were no differences between the two periods with regard to perioperative complications (P = 0.2), such as anastomosis leakage (2.4% vs. 3.6%). Cancer-specific survival rates (79.1% vs. 79.6%, P = 0.7) and local recurrence (8.4% vs. 8.6%, P = 0.99) did not differ significantly for the two periods. CONCLUSIONS: Based on sharp mesorectal excision, operative safety and oncologic outcomes were not compromised by technical advances in sphincter-preserving surgery using tailored mesorectal excision and a shortened distal margin.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Kim, Young Wan(김영완)
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Sohn, Seung Kook(손승국)
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Cho, Chang Hwan(조장환)
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