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원격전이없이 술 전 Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) 20 ng/ml 이상인 전립선암 환자에서의 근치적 전립선적출술의 결과

Other Titles
 Outcome of Radical Prostatectomy in Prostate Cancer Patients with Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Level Equal to or More Than 20 ng/ml and No Distant Metastasis Preoperatively 
 함원식  ;  김상운  ;  이주형  ;  이진선  ;  최영득 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, Vol.50(2) : 111-118, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Prostate-specific antigen ; Prostatic neoplasms ; Prostatectomy ; Treatment outcome
PURPOSE: We assessed the efficacy of radical prostatectomy (RP) in prostate cancer patients with preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels > or = 20 ng/ml and no distant metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 132 prostate cancer patients undergoing RP with preoperative PSA levels > or =20 ng/ml and no distant metastases were reviewed. Sixty-six patients received preoperative neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. Pathologic and clinical outcomes were compared between the groups with PSA of 20-40 ng/ml and > or =40 ng/ml. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in age, prostate volume, or the frequency of neoadjuvant hormonal therapy between the two groups. The PSA > or =40 ng/ml group had a higher RP Gleason score, tumor stage, and extracapsular extension. After a mean follow-up of 47.0 months, 73 (55.3%) patients had PSA progression with a median time of 37.0 months. Fifty-six patients received adjuvant hormonal therapy, and 19 received salvage external beam radiation therapy. Clinical disease progression developed in 10 patients (7.6%). During follow-up, 8 patients died, 1 of prostate cancer and 7 of other causes. Preoperative PSA was a significant predictor of PSA progression and time to PSA progression after RP, whereas there were no differences in distant metastasis, local recurrence, hormone-refractory prostate cancer progression, and overall or prostate cancer-specific death between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the favorable postoperative outcomes of RP in patients with preoperative PSA > or =20 ng/ml and no distant metastases, we suggest that RP has a role in treating these high-risk prostate cancer patients and that preoperative PSA is a significant predictor of postoperative PSA progression
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Ham, Won Sik(함원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2246-8838
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