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Risk factors of ocular involvement in children with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex defect

 Jung Hyun Chae  ;  Jung Hun Lee  ;  Kyo Ryung Kim  ;  Suk Ho Byeon  ;  Young Mock Lee  ;  Hoon Chul Kang  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Heung Dong Kim 
 Korean Journal of Pediatrics, Vol.53(12) : 994-999, 2010 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Pediatrics 
Issue Date
Funduscopy ; Mitochondria ; Ophthalmology ; Retina ; Risk factor
PURPOSE: Mitochondrial dysfunction can present with various symptoms depending on the organ it has affected. This research tried to analyze the ophthalmologic symptoms and ophthalmologic examination (OE) results in patients with mitochondrial disease (MD). METHODS: Seventy-four patients diagnosed with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex defect with biochemical enzyme assay were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups based on the OE results by funduscopy and were analyzed on the basis of their clinical features, biochemical test results, morphological analysis, and neuroimaging findings. RESULTS: Thirty-seven (50%) of the 74 MD patients developed ophthalmologic symptoms. Abnormal findings were observed in 36 (48.6%) patients during an OE, and 16 (21.6%) of them had no ocular symptoms. Significantly higher rates of prematurity, clinical history of epilepsy or frequent apnea events, abnormal light microscopic findings in muscle pathology, diffuse cerebral atrophy in magnetic resonance imaging, and brainstem hyperintensity and lactate peaks in magnetic resonance spectroscopy were noted in the group with abnormal OE results. CONCLUSION: Although the ophthalmologic symptoms are not very remarkable in MD patients, an OE is required. When the risk factors mentioned above are observed, a more active approach should be taken in the OE because a higher frequency of ocular involvement can be expected.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Lee, Young Mock(이영목) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5838-249X
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
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