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신장이식 환자에서 발생한 신종인플루엔자 A (H1N1) 감염

Other Titles
 Swine Influenza A (H1N1) Infection in Renal Transplant Recipients 
 이아란  ;  김유선  ;  김명수  ;  주동진  ;  이병모  ;  김현정  ;  김순일 
 Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation (대한이식학회지), Vol.24(4) : 256-263, 2010 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation (대한이식학회지) 
Issue Date
Infection ; Kidney transplantation ; Swine-Origin Influenza A H1N1 Virus
BACKGROUND: Novel H1N1 influenza A was a pandemic disease in 2009. However, limited data are available on renal transplant recipients undergoing long-term immunosuppression who contracted novel H1N1 influenza A. METHODS: We analyzed 2,345 patients who had been tested with H1N1 swab real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction test (rRT-PCR) between May 2009 and February 2010. Of them, 30 were kidney recipients who underwent kidney transplantation between April 1979 and 2, May 2009 before the first diagnosis of H1N1 influenza A in Korea. The clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome of renal transplant recipients with confirmed H1N1 influenza were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 1,543 (66.7%) general patients were swine influenza A confirmed. Of the 30 transplant patients, 19 (63.3%) were confirmed with swine influenza A. The mean age of the general patients at diagnosis of swine influenza A was younger than that of renal recipients (16.5+/-16.1 vs. 39.7+/-11.5 years, P<0.0001). More patients died in the transplant group than in the general patient group even after oseltamivir (Tamiflu) treatment. When comparing the cured group with the dead group of transplant patients, the dead group had a longer duration between symptom manifestation and the beginning of treatment than the cured group (7 [5-7] vs. 2 [1-14] days, P=0.007). The dead group presented more complications such as pneumonia (P=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: H1N1 influenza A can cause severe illness in kidney transplant recipients. We suggest that early diagnosis and treatment with an antiviral agent produces good results in kidney transplant recipients as in the general population.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Myoung Soo(김명수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8975-8381
Kim, Soon Il(김순일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0783-7538
Kim, Yu Seun(김유선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5105-1567
Joo, Dong Jin(주동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8405-1531
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