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Incidence of venous gas embolism during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is lower than that during radical retropubic prostatectomy

 J. Y. Hong  ;  J. Y. Kim  ;  Y. D. Choi  ;  K. H. Rha  ;  S. J. Yoon  ;  H. K. Kil 
 BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, Vol.105(6) : 777-781, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Echocardiography, Transesophageal ; Embolism, Air/diagnostic imaging ; Embolism, Air/etiology* ; Humans ; Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging* ; Laparoscopy/adverse effects ; Laparoscopy/methods ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects ; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods ; Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods ; Prostatectomy/adverse effects* ; Prostatectomy/methods ; Robotics/methods* ; Severity of Illness Index
cardiorespiratory ; embolism ; prostate cancer ; retropubic prostatectomy ; robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy ; transoesophageal echocardiography
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) is gaining popularity as a less traumatic and minimally invasive alternative to open radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and grade of venous gas embolism (VGE) during RALRP compared with those during RRP using transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). METHODS: Fifty-two patients undergoing RRP (n=26) or RALRP (n=26) were consecutively enrolled. TOE was continuously applied during surgery and VGE was graded by an independent researcher. RESULTS: The total incidence of VGE (proportion, 95% CI) in the RRP group was higher than that in the RALRP group [20/25 (0.80, 0.60-0.92) and 10/26 (0.38, 0.22-0.58), respectively]. Most VGE in the RALRP group occurred during the transection of the deep dorsal venous complex. There was no difference in the incidence of severe VGE between the two groups. No patients with cardiorespiratory instabilities even with severe VGE were observed in this study. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to general belief, VGE occurred less frequently during RALRP. Although the VGE in this study did not cause any cardiorespiratory instability, close monitoring for possibly fatal VGE must be considered during both types of radical prostatectomy because those who undergo radical prostatectomy frequently have cardiopulmonary co-morbidities.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kil, Hae Keum(길혜금)
Kim, Ji Young(김지영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5822-0338
Rha, Koon Ho(나군호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8588-7584
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Hong, Jeong Yeon(홍정연)
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