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Influence of transmucosal designs of three one-piece implant systems on early tissue responses: a histometric study in beagle dogs.

Authors
 Sunjai Kim  ;  Kwang-Chul Oh  ;  Dong-Hoo Han  ;  Seong-Joo Heo  ;  In-Chul Ryu  ;  Joo-Hyun Kwon  ;  Chong-Hyun Han 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS, Vol.25(2) : 309-314, 2010 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL IMPLANTS
ISSN
 0882-2786 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology ; Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology* ; Animals ; Connective Tissue/anatomy & histology ; Dental Abutments ; Dental Implants* ; Dental Prosthesis Design* ; Dogs ; Epithelial Attachment/anatomy & histology ; Gingiva/anatomy & histology* ; Gingivitis/pathology ; Mandible/surgery ; Materials Testing ; Osseointegration/physiology ; Osteogenesis/physiology ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Random Allocation ; Surface Properties
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the early tissue response around three one-piece implant systems with different transmucosal designs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three one-piece dental implant systems with different profiles and surface roughnesses on the transmucosal portion were examined in the current study. The transmucosal portions were flared and machined (FM), concave and machined with microgrooves (CMG), or straight and anodic oxidized (SA). A total of 30 implants (10 of each type) were placed in computer-generated randomized order in the mandibular residual ridges of five beagle dogs. Six months later, all animals were sacrificed and histologic sections were prepared to measure epithelial tissue height, connective tissue contact, and the amount of bone resorption. One-way analysis of variance and the Bonferroni post hoc test were used for statistical evaluation (alpha = 95%).

RESULTS: After a 6-month nonfunctional loading period, all 30 implants were clinically immobile. Slight swelling and redness of the peri-implant soft tissue were noticed around most of the implant abutments. Histometric analysis showed that the FM implants had a longer epithelial tissue height than the CMG implants. The CMG implants showed the greatest amount of connective tissue attachment among the three groups and the least amount of marginal bone resorption. The CMG and SA implants showed bone growth above the initial reference point at 10 and 7 measurement sites, respectively, whereas no bone overgrowth was noted around the FM implants.

CONCLUSION: Based on this study conducted in five beagle dogs, a concave transmucosal profile with a microgrooved surface was associated with longer connective tissue attachments and less bone resorption versus implants that were flared with a machined surface or straight with an anodic oxidized surface in the early healing phase
Full Text
http://www.quintpub.com/journals/omi/abstract.php?article_id=8014
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Joo Hyun(권주현)
Kim, Sun Jai(김선재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0828-8008
Han, Dong Hoo(한동후)
Han, Jong Hyoun(한종현)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/102267
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