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Comparisons of the effects of stent eccentricity on the neointimal hyperplasia between sirolimus-eluting stent versus paclitaxel-eluting stent

 Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Seungjin Oh  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Woong Chol Kang  ;  Dong Woon Jeon  ;  Joo Young Yang  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Taehoon Ahn  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.51(6) : 823-831, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Angiography/methods ; Coronary Restenosis/diagnostic imaging ; Coronary Restenosis/pathology ; Drug-Eluting Stents* ; Female ; Humans ; Hyperplasia/drug therapy* ; Hyperplasia/pathology ; Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Paclitaxel/administration & dosage* ; Sirolimus/administration & dosage* ; Tunica Intima ; Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods
Drug-eluting stents ; intravascular ultrasonography ; restenosis
PURPOSE: Previous studies suggested that asymmetric stent expansion did not affect suppression of neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) after sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stent eccentricity (SE) on NIH between SES versus paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) using an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis from the randomized trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serial IVUS data were obtained from Post-stent Optimal Expansion (POET) trial, allocated randomly to SES or PES. Three different SE (minimum stent diameter divided by maximum stent diameter) were evaluated; SE at the lesion site with maximal %NIH area (SE-NIH), SE at the minimal stent CSA [SE-minimal stent area (SE-MSA)], and averaged SE through the entire stent (SE-mean). We classified each drug-eluting stents (DES) into the concentric (≥ mean SE) and eccentric groups (< mean SE) based on the mean value of SE. RESULTS: Among 301 enrolled patients, 233 patients [SES (n = 108), PES (n = 125)] underwent a follow-up IVUS. There was no significant correlation between %NIH area and SE-NIH (r = - 0.083, p = 0.391) or SE-MSA (r = - 0.109, p = 0.259) of SES. However, SE-NIH of PES showed a weak but significant correlation with %NIH area (r = 0.269, p < 0.01). As to the associations between SEmean and NIH volume index, SES revealed no significant correlation (r = - 0.001, p = 0.990), but PES showed a weak but significant correlation (r = 0.320, p < 0.01). However, there was no difference in the restenosis rate between the eccentric versus concentric groups of both DES. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that lower SE of both SES and PES, which means asymmetric stent expansion, may not be associated with increased NIH.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
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