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Behavioral improvement after transplantation of neural precursors derived from embryonic stem cells into the globally ischemic brain of adolescent rats

Authors
 Hoon-Chul Kanga  ;  Dae-Sung Kimb  ;  Ji Young Kimb  ;  Han-Soo Kimc  ;  Bo Young Limb  ;  Heung Dong Kima  ;  Jin-Sung Leed  ;  Baik-Lin Eun  ;  Dong-Wook Kim 
Citation
 BRAIN & DEVELOPMENT, Vol.32(8) : 658-668, 2010 
Journal Title
 BRAIN & DEVELOPMENT 
ISSN
 0387-7604 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Animals ; Behavior, Animal/physiology* ; Biomarkers/metabolism ; Brain Ischemia/pathology ; Brain Ischemia/physiopathology ; Brain Ischemia/rehabilitation* ; Brain Ischemia/surgery* ; Cells, Cultured ; Coculture Techniques ; Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology ; Embryonic Stem Cells/physiology* ; Fluorescent Dyes/metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Stem Cell Transplantation* ; Stem Cells/cytology ; Stem Cells/physiology*
Keywords
Embryonic stem cells ; Neural precursors ; Globally ischemic brain ; Cell transplantation
Abstract
We intended to determine whether transplanted neural precursors, derived from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, can migrate and differentiate into mature neurons and glial cells in damaged brains and improve functional deficits caused by global cerebral ischemic injury in adolescent rats. METHODS: Global ischemia was induced using the four-vessel occlusion method. ES cells that display enhanced expression of yellow fluorescent protein were co-cultured in N2 supplemented media with PA6 cells that had stromal derived inducing activity. Neural precursor cells were directly transplanted bilaterally into hippocampal C3 areas 2 weeks after induction of global ischemia. Assessments of the Morris water-maze test at eight weeks and, the Open field activity levels at two, four, six and eight weeks after transplantation were carried out according to standard methods. RESULTS: From neural precursors, we were able to generate neural lineages, including neurons and glial cells in vitro. Eight weeks following transplantation, cellular migration as well as generation of neural cells including neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes developed from the grafted ES cell-derived neural precursors were observed. Cell-transplanted animals exhibited enhanced functional recovery on sensorimotor and behavioral tests, compared to vehicle-treated control animals. CONCLUSION: Therefore, transplantation of mouse ES cell-derived neural precursor cells shows promise for improving recovery after global ischemia in adolescent rats.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0387760409002538
DOI
10.1016/j.braindev.2009.09.010
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Dae Sung(김대성)
Kim, Dong Wook(김동욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-1532
Kim, Ji Young(김지영)
Kim, Han Soo(김한수)
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Lee, Jin Sung(이진성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1262-8597
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/101584
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