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Relationship between mode of delivery in childbirth and prevalence of allergic diseases in Korean children

Authors
 Yeo Hoon Park  ;  Kyung Won Kim  ;  Bong Seok Choi  ;  Hye Mi Jee  ;  Myung Hyun Sohn  ;  Kyu-Earn Kim 
Citation
 ALLERGY ASTHMA & IMMUNOLOGY RESEARCH, Vol.2(1) : 28-33, 2010 
Journal Title
 ALLERGY ASTHMA & IMMUNOLOGY RESEARCH 
ISSN
 2092-7355 
Issue Date
2010
Keywords
Hypersensitivity ; cesarean section ; obstetric delivery, child
Abstract
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that cesarean section might increase the risk for allergic diseases compared to vaginal delivery, by depriving the newborn of exposure to maternal microflora. METHODS: We evaluated the prevalence of allergic diseases, allergic inflammation, and allergic sensitization according to mode of delivery for 279 Korean children aged </=16 years. Data were extracted from medical records and a questionnaire filled out by parents. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between cesarean section and the outcomes of interest. RESULTS: Of the 279 children, 179 (62.6%) were delivered vaginally and 100 (37.4%) by cesarean section. There were no differences in the prevalence of allergic diseases, allergic inflammation, or allergic sensitization according to mode of delivery. Children born by cesarean section had no higher risk of allergic disease than those delivered vaginally, regardless of a parental history for allergic disease. Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for cesarean section compared to vaginal delivery were not statistically significant for any outcome considered: asthma, 0.76 (0.37-1.57), allergic rhinitis, 1.14 (0.61-2.10), atopic dermatitis, 1.01 (0.59-1.71). CONCLUSIONS: Delivery by cesarean section may not be associated with the subsequent development of asthma, allergic rhinitis, or atopic dermatitis in Korean children.
Files in This Item:
T201000163.pdf Download
DOI
10.4168/aair.2010.2.1.28
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Won(김경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4529-6135
Kim, Kyu Earn(김규언)
Park, Yeo Hoon(박여훈)
Sohn, Myung Hyun(손명현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
Jee, Hye Mi(지혜미)
Choi, Bong Seok(최봉석)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/100547
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