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Increased immunoendocrine cells in intestinal mucosa of postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome patients 3 years after acute Shigella infection--an observation in a small case control study

 Hee Sun Kim  ;  Jung Hyun Lim  ;  Hyojin Park  ;  Sang In Lee 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.51(1) : 45-51, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Antigens, CD/metabolism ; Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/metabolism ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology ; Case-Control Studies ; Colon, Descending/pathology ; Colon, Sigmoid/pathology ; Colonoscopy ; Dysentery, Bacillary/complications* ; Enterochromaffin Cells/cytology ; Female ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; Intestinal Mucosa/pathology* ; Irritable Bowel Syndrome/metabolism ; Irritable Bowel Syndrome/pathology* ; Macrophages/cytology ; Male ; Mast Cells/cytology ; Peptide YY/metabolism ; Rectum/pathology ; Serotonin/metabolism
Post infectious irritable bowel syndrome ; T lymphocyte ; enterochromaffin cell ; macrophage ; mast cell
PURPOSE: Postinfectiously irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) develops in 3-30% of individuals with bacterial gastroenteritis. Recent studies demonstrated increases in inflammatory components in gut mucosa of PI-IBS patients even after complete resolution of infection. We aimed to investigate histological changes in colon and rectum of PI-IBS subjects after long term period of infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited PI-IBS subjects who had been diagnosed IBS after complete resolution of enteritis caused by shigellosis outbreak 3 years earlier. We compared unmatched four groups, PI-IBS (n = 4), non PI-IBS (n = 7), D-IBS (n = 7, diarrhea predominant type) and healthy controls (n = 10). All of them underwent colonoscopic biopsy at three areas, including descending colon (DC), sigmoid colon (SC) and rectum, which were assessed for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)/peptide YY (PYY)-containing enterochromaffin (EC) cell, intraepithelial (IEL) and lamina propria T lymphocyte (CD3), CD8 lymphocytes, mast cells and CD68/calprotectin+ macrophages. RESULTS: All subjects had no structural or gross abnormalities at colonoscopy. In PI-IBS, 5-HT containing EC cells, PYY containing EC cells, IELs, CD3 lymphocytes, CD8 lymphocytes, mast cells, and CD68 + macrophages were increased compared to control (p < 0.05). In D-IBS, PYY containing EC cells, IELs, and CD3 lymphocytes were increased compared to control (p < 0.05). In PI-IBS, 5-HT containing EC cells tended to increase and PYY containing EC cells, CD8 lymphocytes, mast cells, and CD68+ macrophages were increased compared to non PI-IBS (p < 0.05). Calprotectin + marcrophages were decreased in PI-IBS, non PI-IBS and IBS compared to control. CONCLUSION: The immunoendocrine cells were sporadically increased in PI-IBS, non PI-IBS and D-IBS compared with control. Our findings in a very small number of patients suggest that mucosal inflammation may play a role in long-term PI-IBS, and that other sub-groups of IBS and larger scale studies are needed to confirm this observation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Hyo Jin(박효진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4814-8330
Lee, Sang In(이상인)
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