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Comparative analysis of the amount of postoperative drainage after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy and sagittal split ramus osteotomy

Authors
 Hyunyoung Kim  ;  Seung-Won Chung  ;  Hwi-Dong Jung  ;  Hyung-Sik Park  ;  Young-Soo Jung 
Citation
 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (대한구강악안면외과학회지), Vol.40(4) : 169-172, 2014 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons  (대한구강악안면외과학회지) 
ISSN
 2234-7550 
Issue Date
2014
Abstract
Objectives: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the amount of postoperative drainage via closed suction drainage system after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) and sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO). Materials and Methods: We planned a retrospective cohort study of 40 patients selected from a larger group who underwent orthognathic surgery from 2007 to 2013. Mean age (range) was 23.95 (16 to 35) years. Patients who underwent bilateral IVRO or SSRO were categorized into group I or group II, respectively, and each group consisted of 20 patients. Closed suction drainage system was inserted in mandibular osteotomy sites to decrease swelling and dead space, and records of drainage amount were collected. The data were compared and analyzed with independent t-test. Results: The closed suction drainage system was removed at 32 hours postoperatively, and the amount of drainage was recorded every 8 hours. In group I, the mean amount of drainage was 79.42 mL in total, with 31.20 mL, 19.90 mL, 13.90 mL, 9.47 mL, and 4.95 mL measured at 0, 8, 16, 24, and 32 hours postoperatively, respectively. In group II, the mean total amount of drainage was 90.11 mL, with 30.25 mL, 25.75 mL, 19.70 mL, 8.50 mL, and 5.91 mL measured at 0, 8, 16, 24, and 32 hours postoperatively, respectively. Total amount of drainage from group I was less than group II, but there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.338). There was a significant difference in drainage between group I and group II only at 16 hours postoperatively (P=0.029). Conclusion: IVRO and SSRO have different osteotomy design and different extent of medullary exposure; however, our results reveal that there is no remarkable difference in postoperative drainage of blood and exudate.
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DOI
10.5125/jkaoms.2014.40.4.169
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
박형식(Park, Hyung Sik)
정승원(Chung, Seung Won)
정영수(Jung, Young Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5831-6508
정휘동(Jung, Hwi Dong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1025-8323
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/99848
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