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Analgesic efficacy of caudal dexamethasone combined with ropivacaine in children undergoing orchiopexy

 E. M. Kim  ;  J. R. Lee  ;  B. N. Koo  ;  Y. J. Im  ;  H. J. Oh  ;  J. H. Lee 
 British Journal of Anaesthesia, Vol.112(5) : 885-891, 2014 
Journal Title
 British Journal of Anaesthesia 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND:Epidural administration of dexamethasone might reduce postoperative pain in adults. We evaluated whether a caudal block of 0.1 mg kg(-1) dexamethasone combined with ropivacaine improves analgesic efficacy in children undergoing day-case orchiopexy. METHODS:This randomized, double-blind study included 80 children aged 6 months to 5 yr who underwent day-case, unilateral orchiopexy. Patients received either 1.5 ml kg(-1) of 0.15% ropivacaine (Group C) or 1.5 ml kg(-1) of 0.15% ropivacaine in which dexamethasone of 0.1 mg kg(-1) was mixed (Group D) for caudal analgesia. Postoperative pain scores, rescue analgesic consumption, and side-effects were evaluated 48 h after operation. RESULTS:Postoperative pain scores at 6 and 24 h post-surgery were significantly lower in Group D than in Group C. Furthermore, the number of subjects who remained pain free up to 48 h after operation was significantly greater in Group D [19 of 38 (50%)] than in Group C [four of 37 (10.8%); P<0.001]. The number of subjects who received oral analgesic was significantly lower in Group D [11 of 38 (28.9%)] than in Group C [20 of 37 (54.1%); P=0.027]. Time to first oral analgesic administration after surgery was also significantly longer in Group D than in Group C (P=0.014). Adverse events after surgery including vomiting, fever, wound infection, and wound dehiscence were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS:The addition of dexamethasone 0.1 mg kg(-1) to ropivacaine for caudal block can significantly improve analgesic efficacy in children undergoing orchiopexy. Clinical trial registration NCT01604915.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
구본녀(Koo, Bon-Nyeo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3189-1673
김은미(Kim, Eun Mi)
이재훈(Lee, Jae Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6679-2782
이정림(Lee, Jeong Rim) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7425-0462
임영재(Im, Young Jae)
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