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The effects of alcohol consumption and smoking on allergy risk in Korean adults

Authors
 Kang, Ju Wan  ;  Baek, Seung Hak  ;  Rha, Min Seok  ;  Kim, Jeong Hong 
Citation
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, Vol.28(1) : 35-39, 2014 
Journal Title
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY 
ISSN
 1945-8924 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Adult ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology* ; Animals ; Antigens, Dermatophagoides/immunology ; Dermatophagoides farinae ; Female ; Humans ; Hypersensitivity/epidemiology* ; Immunoglobulin E/blood ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk ; Smoking/epidemiology* ; Young Adult
Keywords
Alcohol ; Dermatophagoides farinae ; Korean ; allergy ; smoking
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The immune-modulating effects of alcohol and smoking are well known through a great body of research. Furthermore, many studies have been performed on the influence of alcohol and smoking on the development of allergic disease. However, previous studies have reported conflicting results with associations between alcohol intake or smoking and risk of allergy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of alcohol consumption and smoking on total serum immunoglobulin E (TIgE) and prevalence of sensitization to Dermatophagoides farinae in a representative sample of Korean adults. METHODS: TIgE levels and IgE levels specific to D. farinae were measured. Alcohol, smoking habit, and other influencing variables were obtained from the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination. RESULTS: Smoking (smoked five packs or more in lifetime) was independently associated with increased risk of sensitization to D. farinae (odds ratio [OR], 1.439; 95% CI, 1.075-1.927). Frequent alcohol drinking (more than four times a week) also showed similar association when compared with subjects who drank less than once per month (OR, 2.052; 95% CI, 1.257-3.350). TIgE levels were also increased along with increased frequency of alcohol drinking. However, smoking habit was not related to TIgE levels. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that history of smoking and frequent alcohol consumption are significantly associated with increased prevalence of sensitization to D. farinae. In addition, frequency of alcohol drinking was also related to a moderate increase in TIgE levels in Korean adults.
Full Text
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ocean/ajra/2014/00000028/00000001/art00013?token=00491582de3e27b76504c4866467045495b2f786c6a4d386a332b25757d5c4f6d4e227a25
DOI
10.2500/ajra.2014.28.3999
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Ju Wan(강주완)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98015
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