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The decline of son preference in South Korea: The roles of development and public policy

Authors
 Woojin Chung  ;  Monica Das Gupta 
Citation
 POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW , Vol.33(4) : 757-783, 2007 
Journal Title
 POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW 
ISSN
 0098-7921 
Issue Date
2007
Abstract
For years, sex ratios at birth kept rising in South Korea despite rapid development. We show that this was not an anomaly: underlying son preference fell with development, but the effect of son preference on sex ratios at birth rose until the mid-1990s as a result of improved sex-selection technology. Now South Korea leads Asia with a declining sex ratio at birth. We explore how son preference was affected by development and by public policy. Decomposition analysis indicates that development reduced son preference primarily through triggering normative changes across society—rather than just in individuals whose socioeconomic circumstances had changed. The cultural underpinnings of son preference in preindustrial Korea were unraveled by industrialization and urbanization even as public policies sought to uphold the patriarchal family system. Our results suggest that child sex ratios in China and India may decline before those countries reach South Korean levels of development, since the governments of both countries vigorously promote normative change to reduce son preference.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2007.00196.x/abstract
DOI
10.1111/j.1728-4457.2007.00196.x
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/97313
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