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단일 기관에서 소아 환자들의 임상검체로부터 분리된 Vancomycin 내성 장구균에 대한 임상적 고찰

Other Titles
 Clinical implications on vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated fron the specimen of pediatic patients in a university hospital 
 박여훈  ;  김기주  ;  박은숙  ;  김동수  ;  이택진  ;  전진경  ;  김기환 
 Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (소아감염), Vol.14(2) : 162-170, 2007 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases(소아감염)
Issue Date
Purpose : While cases of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have increasingly been reported worldwide since it was first reported in the late 1980s, there have been few systemic studies on the pediatric population. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the planning of VRE prevention by investigating the prevalence, risk factors and transmission of VRE infection.
Methods : We studied 230 patients under age 15 years who were isolated VRE between January 2001 and December 2006 retrospectively. The patients were classified into the intensive care unit (ICU) and the non-ICU groups. We reviewed the procedures before VRE detection as well as antibiotic sensitivity of detected organisms.
Results : The number of VRE-isolation cases was higher in the ICU group than the non-ICU group. Instances of VRE-isolation were also more prevalent in patients who underwent operations or active procedures while taking 3rd-generation cephalosporins or glycopeptides. Almost all antibiotics except tetracycline were resistant to VRE. The proportion of 3rd-generation cephalosporin use was higher than those of any other antibiotics before VRE detection. Additionally, the use of 3rd-generation cephalosporins has increased annually, but that of glycopeptides had decreased in 2006. Also, the rates of VRE isolation have been increasing since 1998.
Conclusion : VRE infection is increasing in pediatric population. Strict adherence to appropriate infection control guidelines for the prevention of VRE transmission in hospitals, and tracking of VRE colonization through active surveillance in high risk units are recommended.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Soo(김동수)
Lee, Taek Jin(이택진)
Chun, Jin Kyong(전진경)
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