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The relation of son preference and religion to induced abortion: The case of South Korea

Authors
 WOOJIN CHUNG 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.39(5) : 707-719, 2007 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE 
ISSN
 1021-7770 
Issue Date
2007
MeSH
Abortion, Induced/statistics & numerical data* ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Contraception Behavior/ethnology* ; Culture* ; Data Collection ; Family Characteristics/ethnology* ; Female ; Fertility* ; Gender Identity ; Humans ; Interviews as Topic ; Korea ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nuclear Family* ; Religion* ; Sex Distribution ; Sex Factors
Abstract
This paper explores the factors that influence the practice of induced abortion in a very low fertility society, with particular emphasis on son preference and three distinct religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Christianity. Using multivariate logistic regression models fitted by the generalized estimating equation (GEE) method, this paper analysed the data collected by the 2000 Korea National Fertility and Family Health Survey of 6348 married women aged 15–49 years with a total of 1217 pregnancy outcomes. The results showed that the likelihood of induced abortions in women with two or more children, compared with those with one child, was significantly influenced by the sex composition of the previous children: odds ratio (OR)=12·71 (95% CI=5·49, 29·42) for women with only son(s), and OR=3·91 (95% CI=1·67, 9·14) for women with only daughter(s). At parity two, women with two sons were much more likely to have induced abortions than women with two daughters (OR=5·88, 95% CI=2·70, 12·85). Although Buddhist women were not significantly different from Confucian women in induced abortion practice, Christian women were much less likely than Confucian women to have an induced abortion (OR=0·39, 95% CI=0·18, 0·88 for women with only sons and OR=0·44, 95% CI=0·24, 0·81 for women with two children). This suggests that even in this very low fertility society, son preference and religious affiliation are significant predictors of women’s practice of induced abortion.
Full Text
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1230972&fileId=S0021932007001988
DOI
10.1017/S0021932007001988
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/96238
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