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Determination of the blood viscosity and yield stress with a pressure-scanning capillary hemorheometer using constitutive models

Authors
 Byung-Kwon Lee  ;  Shubin Xue  ;  Sehyun Shin  ;  Hyunjung Lim  ;  Jeonghun Nam 
Citation
 Korea-Australia Rheology Journal, Vol.23(1) : 1-6, 2011 
Journal Title
 Korea-Australia Rheology Journal 
ISSN
 1226-119X 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
We investigated the applicability of two non-Newtonian constitutive models (Casson and Herschel-Bulkley models) in the determination of the blood viscosity and yield stress using a pressure-scanning microfluidic hemorheometer. The present results were compared with the measurements through a precision rheometer (ARES2). For a Newtonian fluid (standard oil), the two constitutive models showed excellent agreement with a reference value and the measurement of ARES2. For human blood as a non-Newtonian fluid, both the Casson and Herschel-Bulkley models exhibited similar viscosity results over a range of shear rates and showed excellent agreement with the ARES2 results. The Herschel-Bulkley model yielded a slightly higher value than other results at low shear rates ( γ˙ < 10), which may be due to the relatively high value of the yield stress. The yield stress values for whole blood were 14.4 mPa for the Casson model and 32.5 mPa for the Herschel-Bulkley model, respectively. Thus, the present study showed that the Casson model would be better than the Herschel-Bulkley model for representing the non-Newtonian characteristics of blood viscosity.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94537
DOI
10.1007/s13367-011-0001-y
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
이병권(Lee, Byoung Kwon)
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Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13367-011-0001-y#
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