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Comparison of the effect-site concentrations of remifentanil for Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway (SLIPA) versus laryngeal mask airway SoftSealTM insertion during target-controlled infusion of propofol

Authors
 SH Kim  ;  EM Choi  ;  CH Chang, HK Kim  ;  MH Chung  ;  YR Choi 
Citation
 ANAESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE, Vol.39(4) : 611-617, 2011 
Journal Title
ANAESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE
ISSN
 0310-057X 
Issue Date
2011
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; AirwayManagement/instrumentation* ; Anesthesia, General ; Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage ; Anesthetics, Intravenous/pharmacokinetics ; Anesthetics, Intravenous/pharmacology* ; Blood Pressure/drug effects ; Body Mass Index ; Disposable Equipment ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Entropy ; Female ; Heart Rate/drug effects ; Hemodynamics/physiology ; Humans ; Infusions, Intravenous ; LaryngealMasks* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Piperidines/administration & dosage ; Piperidines/pharmacokinetics ; Piperidines/pharmacology* ; Propofol/administration & dosage* ; Treatment Failure ; Young Adult
Abstract
This study was designed to determine the optimal dose of remifentanil required for the successful insertion of Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway (SLIPA) and to compare it to that required for laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion in patients receiving a propofol infusion at a standard effect-site concentration. Fifty-eight patients scheduled to undergo general anaesthesia were randomly assigned to either the SLIPA (n = 29) or LMA (n = 29) group. All patients were premedicated with midazolam 0.05 mg x kg(-1) and glycopyrrolate 0.004 mg x kg(-1) intramuscularly. After the administration of lignocaine 1 mg x kg(-1) intravenously, a propofol infusion was started at an effect-site concentration of 3.5 microg x ml(-1) with a remifentanil infusion without a neuromuscular blocking agent. The remifentanil dose was determined by the modified up-and-down method starting in each group at 4 ng x ml(-1). Six minutes after induction, the airway device was inserted. Airway device insertion was classified as 'success' or 'failure' based on patient response. From the isotonic regression analysis and bootstrap distribution, the EC50 of remifentanil for SLIPA and LMA were 0.93 ng x ml(-1) (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.81 to 1.50 ng x ml(-1) and 1.36 ng x ml(-1) (95% CI 1.19 to 2.06 ng x ml(-1)) respectively, and the EC95 for SLIPA and LMA insertions were 1.90 ng x ml(-1) (95% CI 1.39 to 1.95) and 2.43 ng x ml(-1) (95% CI 1.80 to 2.46 ng x ml(-1)) respectively. Using the 83% CIs from the bootstrap distribution, EC50 for SLIPA was significantly less than that of LMA (0.83 to 1.23 vs 1.26 to 2.00, respectively) (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that the insertion of SLIPA needs about a 32% lower depth of anaesthesia than LMA insertion.
Full Text
http://www.aaic.net.au/Document/?D=20101002
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Chul Ho(장철호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5647-8298
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94291
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