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Expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and their clinical significance

 Sei Young Lee  ;  Sung Yoon Park  ;  Eun Chang Choi  ;  Se-Heon Kim 
 Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, Vol.4(2) : 88-94, 2011 
Journal Title
 Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and to correlate expression profiles with clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: Paraffin blocks were obtained from 45 tonsil squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients, who underwent surgery as an initial treatment between 1994 and 2004, and from 20 normal controls. Expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were investigated immunohistochemically. RESULTS: The expressions of MMPs (except MMP-2) and TIMPs were found to be significantly different in tonsil SCC and normal control tissues. Furthermore, MMP-13 expression was found to be correlated with tumor invasion (P=0.05), and the expressions of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 with nodal metastasis (P=0.048, 0.031). No relation was found between MMP or TIMP expression and recurrence. However, MMP-9 expression was found to be significantly associated with 5-year survival in tonsil SCC patients by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 3.853; P=0.013). CONCLUSION: Significant overexpressions of multiple MMPs and TIMPs were found in tonsil SCC tissues. Furthermore, our findings suggest that MMP-9 expression might be a useful prognostic factor.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김세헌(Kim, Se Heon) ; 이세영(Lee, Sei Young) ; 최은창(Choi, Eun Chang)
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