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페놀 노출 근로자의 요중 페놀농도에 영향을 미치는 요인

 심규진  ;  노재훈  ;  김치년  ;  이신영  ;  원종욱 
 Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment (한국실내환경학회지), Vol.8(2) : 127-138, 2011 
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment(한국실내환경학회지)
Issue Date
phenol in air ; urinal phenol ; smoking ; biological monitoring
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics that affect the urinary phenol of
workers exposed to phenol.
Subjects and Methods : Total 41 workers were selected at bisphenol A manufacturing plant and their urinary
phenol concentration were measured before and after work along with the phenol concentration in the
workplace air, and carried out a survey on work characteristics and lifestyle factors that could affect urinary
Results : The phenol concentration in air during work hours was 0.91 (non-detection~2.88) mg/m3, and the
worker’s urinary phenol concentrations before and after work were 100.27±75.76 and 138.13±109. 58
mg/g creatinine, respectively, which showed a statistically significant increase. Comparing smoking and
urinary phenol concentration, smokers had 194.54±137.52 mg/g creatinine while non-smokers had
108.88±80.10 mg/g creatinine, thus showing the urinary phenol concentration of smokers to be statistically
significantly higher (p=0.046). The urinary phenol concentration increased as work hours, the frequency of
skin exposure to phenol, and the amount of drinking increased, and there were differences in its
concentration depending on the work type and whether or not workers wore protective gear.
The results of carrying out a multiple regression analysis showed that phenol concentration in air, work
hours, frequency of skin exposure, and smoking were statistically significant. In other words, the urinal
phenol concentration increased more for smokers than for non-smokers, when work hours became longer,
and when the frequency of skin exposure was over five times.
Conclusions : The factors that influenced urinary phenol in workers exposed to phenol were phenol
concentration in air, work hour, frequency of skin exposure, smoking, work and lifestyle habits. Accordingly,
biological monitoring for phenol exposure assessment must reflect these factors, and effort must be made
to reduce skin exposure at workplace.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (작업환경의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Chi Nyon(김치년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5693-3307
Roh, Jae Hoon(노재훈)
Won, Jong Uk(원종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9200-3297
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