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Different clinical outcome of paravalvular leakage after aortic or mitral valve replacement.

 In Jeong Cho  ;  Jeonggeun Moon  ;  Chi Young Shim  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Namsik Chung  ;  Byung-Chul Chang  ;  Jong-Won Ha 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.107(2) : 280-284, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aortic Valve/surgery* ; Death, Sudden, Cardiac/epidemiology ; Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology ; Disease-Free Survival ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Heart Failure/epidemiology ; Heart Failure/etiology ; Heart Valve Diseases/diagnostic imaging ; Heart Valve Diseases/surgery* ; Heart Valve Prosthesis* ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mitral Valve/surgery* ; Prosthesis Failure* ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Ultrasonography
Although aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR) are the most commonly performed prosthetic valve replacement operations, it is unclear whether clinical outcomes of paravalvular leakage (PVL) after MVR or AVR are different. It was hypothesized that clinical outcomes of PVL after AVR would be more favorable than after MVR because the pressure gradient is much larger in PVL occurring at the mitral position, which happens at the systolic phase, than at the aortic valve. Over a 12-year period, 82 patients with PVL were identified. After excluding patients who required immediate surgical repair for severe symptoms, patients with Behçet disease or infective endocarditis, and those with PVL involving both valves, 54 remaining patients (21 women, mean age 56 ± 14 years, 23 AVRs) with mild to moderate leakage constituted the study population. The end points were cardiac death, all-cause mortality, repeat surgery, and urgent admission for heart failure. During a median follow-up period of 35 months, there were 27 events, including 23 repeated surgeries, 2 cardiac deaths, 1 noncardiac death, and 1 admission for heart failure. Cox regression analysis revealed that the valve location of PVL was the only independent clinical predictor of event-free survival. The estimated 8-year event-free survival rate was significantly higher in patients with PVL after AVR than those after MVR (70 ± 12% vs 16 ± 8%, p <0.0001). In conclusion, PVL after AVR demonstrated more favorable long-term clinical outcomes compared to that after MVR. In patients who develop PVL after AVR, repeat surgery may be deferred. However, in patients with PVL after MVR, more aggressive therapeutic approaches should be considered.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Moon, Jeong Geun(문정근)
Shim, Chi Young(심지영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6136-0136
Chang, Byung Chul(장병철)
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Chung, Nam Sik(정남식)
Cho, In Jeong(조인정)
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
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