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Alveolar bone necrosis and spontaneous tooth exfoliation associated with trigeminal herpes zoster: a report of three cases.

 Nam-Kyoo Kim  ;  Bong Chul Kim  ;  Jung-woo Nam  ;  Hyung Jun Kim 
 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (대한구강악안면외과학회지), Vol.38(3) : 177-183, 2012 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (대한구강악안면외과학회지) 
Issue Date
Human herpesvirus 3 ; Herpes zoster ; Osteonecrosis ; Tooth exfoliation
Herpes zoster is a viral infection caused by the reactivation of the varicella zoster virus, an infection most commonly affecting the thoracolumbar trunk. Herpes Zoster Infection (HZI) may affect the cranial nerves, most frequently the trigeminal. HZI of the trigeminal nerve distribution network manifests as multiple, painful vesicular eruptions of the skin and mucosa which are innervated by the infected nerves. Oral vesicles usually appear after the skin manifestations. The vesicles rupture and coalesce, leaving mucosal erosions without subsequent scarring in most cases. The worst complication of HZI is post-herpetic neuralgia; other complications include facial scarring, motor nerve palsy and optic neuropathy. Osteonecrosis with spontaneous exfoliation of the teeth is an uncommon complication associated with HZI of the trigeminal nerve. We report several cases of osteomyelitis appearing on the mandible, caused by HZI, and triggering osteonecrosis or spontaneous tooth exfoliation.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Bong Chul(김봉철)
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