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Electroanatomical characteristics of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia and optimal ablation target during sinus rhythm: significance of preferential conduction through Purkinje fibers

 Junbeom Park  ;  Young-Hoon Kim  ;  Chun Hwang  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.53(2) : 279-288, 2012 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Catheter Ablation ; Electrophysiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Purkinje Fibers/physiology* ; Tachycardia, Ventricular/physiopathology* ; Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery ; Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology* ; Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/surgery ; Young Adult
Idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia ; catheter ablation ; non-contact map ; Purkinje
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that Purkinje potential and their preferential conduction to the left ventricle (LV) posteroseptum during sinus rhythm (SR) are part of reentrant circuits of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) and reentry anchors to papillary muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 14 patients with ILVT (11 men, mean age 31.5±11.1 years), we compared Purkinje potential and preferential conduction during SR with VT by non-contact mapping (NCM). If clear Purkinje potential(SR) was observed in the LV posteroseptum and the earliest activation site (EA) of preferential conduction at SR (EA(SR)) was well matched with that of VT (EA(VT)), EA(SR) was targeted for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). Also, the anatomical locations of successful ablation sites were evaluated by echocardiography in five additional patients. RESULTS: 1) All induced VTs exhibited clear Purkinje potential(VT) and preferential conduction in the LV posteroseptum. The Purkinje potential(VT) and EA(VT) was within 5.8±8.2 mm of EA(SR). However, the breakout sites of VT were separated by 30.2±12.6 mm from EA(VT) to the apical side. 2) Purkinje potential(SR) demonstrated a reversed polarity to Purkinje potential(VT), and the interval of Purkinje potential(SR)-QRS was longer than the interval of Purkinje potential(VT)-QRS (p<0.02) 3) RFCA targeting EA(SR) eliminated VT in all patients without recurrence within 23.3±7.5 months, and the successful ablation site was discovered at the base of papillary muscle in the five additional (100%) patients. CONCLUSION: NCM-guided localization of EA(SR) with Purkinje potential(SR) matches well with EA(VT) with Purkinje potential(VT) and provides an effective target for RFCA, potentially at the base of papillary muscle in patients with ILVT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jun Beom(박준범)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
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