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A fruit and dairy dietary pattern is associated with a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome.

Authors
 Soyoung Hong  ;  YoonJu Song  ;  Kye Heui Lee  ;  Hong Soo Lee  ;  Myoungsook Lee  ;  Sun Ha Jee  ;  Hyojee Joung 
Citation
 METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, Vol.61(6) : 883-890, 2012 
Journal Title
 METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL 
ISSN
 0026-0495 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group ; Blood Glucose ; Dairy Products* ; Diet* ; Feeding Behavior* ; Female ; Fruit* ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/etiology* ; Middle Aged ; Republic of Korea ; Risk
Keywords
Adult ; Aged ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group ; Blood Glucose ; Dairy Products* ; Diet* ; Feeding Behavior* ; Female ; Fruit* ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/etiology* ; Middle Aged ; Republic of Korea ; Risk
Abstract
This study examines the relationship between adherence to different dietary patterns and the presence of metabolic syndrome and its components among Korean adults. The sample consisted of 406 Korean adults aged 22 to 78 years recruited from hospitals. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the criteria issued by the Adult Treatment Panel III, with the exception of central obesity, which was defined according to the Asian-Pacific criteria. Dietary information was obtained by means of a 24-hour recall and a 3-day food record, and factor analysis was used to define dietary patterns. Factor analysis identified 4 major dietary patterns, which explained 28.8% of the total variance, based on the percentage of total daily energy intake from each food group: Korean traditional, alcohol and meats, sweets and fast foods, and fruit and dairy. After controlling for all potential confounders, we found that the Korean traditional dietary pattern was not associated with individual components of the metabolic syndrome but was significantly associated with increased odds of having metabolic syndrome. The fruit and dairy pattern was significantly associated with decreased odds of impaired blood glucose, hypertriglyceridemia, and metabolic syndrome. Our findings suggest that the fruit and dairy pattern is associated with reduced risk of having metabolic syndrome.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002604951100357X
DOI
22209672
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91454
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