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2006-2008년 국내 임상검체 및 동물에서 분리된 Non-Typhoidal Salmonella 균주에서의 Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase, Plasmid-Mediated AmpC β-Lactamase와 Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone 내성 qnr 유전자의 빈도

Other Titles
 A Korean Nationwide Surveillance Study for Non-Typhoidal Salmonella Isolated in Humans and Food Animals from 2006 to 2008: Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase, Plasmid-Mediated AmpC β-Lactamase, and Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance qnr Genes 
 Hae-Sun Chung  ;  Hyukmin Lee  ;  Yangsoon Lee  ;  Dongeun Yong  ;  Seok Hoon Jeong  ;  Bok-Kwon Lee  ;  Suk-Chan Jung  ;  Suk-Kyung Lim  ;  Kyungwon Lee  ;  Yunsop Chong 
 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology (대한임상미생물학회지), Vol.15(1) : 14-20, 2012 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology(대한임상미생물학회지)
Issue Date
Antimicrobial susceptibility ; Extendedspectrum β-lactamase ; Korea ; Non-typhoidal Salmonella ; Plasmid-mediated ; AmpC β-lactamase ; Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance
The emergence of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) with decreased susceptibilities to fluoroquinolone, ampicillin, or ceftriaxone has been reported worldwide. However, current surveillance studies of resistance among NTS in Korea are limited. Thus, the antimicrobial susceptibilities; resistance mechanisms such as extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase (PABL), and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR); and molecular epidemiologic characteristics were investigated in the present study.

National Institute of Health and National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service collected NTS strains from 219 clinical and 293 non-clinical specimens from 2006 to 2008. The antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute disk diffusion test. ESBL, PABL, and qnr genotyping were performed using PCR and nucleotide sequencing. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used for the molecular epidemiologic study.

The resistance to ampicillin in clinical and non-clinical NTS was 49% and 18 to 47%, respectively. The resistance rates to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in clinical and non-clinical NTS were 8% and 0 to 41%, respectively. The rates to extended-spectrum cephalosporin were 0 to 1%. One CTX-M-15-producing isolate and four CMY-2-producing isolates were detected. Notably, PFGE analysis showed four isolates carrying blaCMY-2, including one non-clinical strain had high clonality. Although the rate of ciprofloxacin resistance was very low, two qnrS1-carrying NTS strains were detected in non-clinical specimens.

The resistance rates to ampicillin in both clinical and non-clinical NTS were high, while those to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole varied depending on the specimen. NTS strains harboring CTX-M-15-type ESBL or CMY-2-type PABL were detected even though the resistance rates to cephalosporins were very low. Four NTS strains carrying the blaCMY-2-gene implied zoonotic infection. Continuous effort to minimize transfer of resistance genes in NTS is necessary.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Dong Eun(용동은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
Lee, Yang Soon(이양순)
Jeong, Seok Hoon(정석훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9290-897X
Chong, Yun Sop(정윤섭)
Chung, Hae Sun(정혜선)
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