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Fracture load of zirconia crowns according to the thickness and marginal design of coping

Authors
 Jee Hwan Kim  ;  Ji Hyun Park  ;  Young Bum Park  ;  Hong Seok Moon 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY, Vol.108(2) : 96-101, 2012 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY 
ISSN
 0022-3913 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Analysis of Variance ; Crowns* ; Dental Abutments* ; Dental Marginal Adaptation ; Dental Prosthesis Design ; Dental Restoration Failure* ; Dental Stress Analysis ; Humans ; Metal Ceramic Alloys* ; Statistics, Nonparametric ; Zirconium
Keywords
Analysis of Variance ; Crowns* ; Dental Abutments* ; Dental Marginal Adaptation ; Dental Prosthesis Design ; Dental Restoration Failure* ; Dental Stress Analysis ; Humans ; Metal Ceramic Alloys* ; Statistics, Nonparametric ; Zirconium
Abstract
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The opaque color of zirconia copings may compromise esthetics, especially in the facial cervical area. A collarless zirconia coping can be an alternative. However, the strength of zirconia crowns with collarless copings is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture load of zirconia crowns according to coping thickness and facial collar design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight zirconia crowns were fabricated and divided into 4 groups: standard coping group (0.5 mm coping thickness, 0.2 mm facial collar height); collarless coping group (0.5 mm coping thickness, no facial collar); modified thicker coping group (0.7 mm coping thickness, 0.2 mm facial collar height); and thicker coping group (0.7 mm coping thickness including collar height). The fracture load for the crowns was measured in a universal testing machine. One-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test for post hoc analysis were used for statistical analysis (α=.05). Ten additional zirconia crowns were fabricated to test the effect of cyclic loading on fracture resistance between the standard coping group and the collarless coping group, and data were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: The fracture load in the collarless coping group (2329.1 N±948.3) was not significantly different from that of the other groups. The thicker coping group (3179.3 N±1137.7) resulted in significantly greater fracture load than the standard (2126.9 N±576.9) and modified thicker coping groups (2112.7 N±623.9) (F=4.193; P=.011). The fracture load after cyclic loading did not differ significantly between the standard coping group and the collarless coping group. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the thicker coping group had the highest fracture strength, but the collarless coping group using a 0.5 mm thickness coping was not significantly different from the standard coping group.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022391312601140
DOI
22867806
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jee Hwan(김지환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0872-4906
Moon, Hong Seok(문홍석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8118-8145
Park, Young Bum(박영범)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91067
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