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Stroke mechanism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation according to the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores

Authors
 M.-J. Cha  ;  Y. D. Kim  ;  H. S. Nam  ;  J. Kim  ;  D. H. Lee  ;  J. H. Heo 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Vol.19(3) : 473-479, 2012 
Journal Title
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY 
ISSN
 1351-5101 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Aged ; Atrial Fibrillation/complications* ; Cardiovascular Diseases/complications ; Coronary Thrombosis/etiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Risk Factors ; Severity of Illness Index ; Stroke/etiology* ; Thromboembolism/etiology*
Keywords
atrial fibrillation ; CHA2DS2-VASc score ; CHADS2 score ; stroke
Abstract
Background and purpose:  The CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores are useful to stratify embolic risks in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and to identify patients eligible for anticoagulation. Although the risk of stoke increases in patients with higher CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores, it is uncertain why the stroke rate increases in them. Concomitant potential cardiac sources of embolism (PCSE) may be more frequent in patients with higher CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores because stroke risks increase when concomitant PCSE is present in Atrial fibrillation (AF). On the other hand, atherothrombosis may be the cause when considering that most components of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores are risk factors for atherosclerosis. Methods:  Amongst 5493 stroke patients who were prospectively registered with the stroke registry for 11 years, 860 consecutive patients with NVAF were included for this study. We investigated the mechanisms of stroke according to the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score in stroke patients with NVAF. Results:  Amongst 860 patients, concomitant PCSE were found in 334 patients (38.8%). The number of PCSE increased as the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score increased (P < 0.001). Of individual PCSE, akinetic left ventricular segment, hypokinetic left ventricular segment and myocardial infarction <4 weeks were associated with the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score. The presence of possible atherothrombotic mechanism, in addition to AF, was suggested in 27.3%. The proportion of patients with concomitant presence of possible atherothrombosis was increased as the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score increased (P < 0.001). Conclusions:  Increased frequency of concomitant PCSE and that of the atherothrombotic mechanism may explain the high risk of stroke in patients with higher CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc score.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03547.x/abstract
DOI
21972975
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Kim, Jinkwon(김진권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0156-9736
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Lee, Dong Hyun(이동현)
Cha, Myoung Jin(차명진)
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/90209
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