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Why is high-risk drinking more prevalent among men than women? evidence from South Korea

Authors
 Woojin Chung  ;  Seungji Lim  ;  Sunmi Lee 
Citation
 BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.12 : 101, 2012 
Journal Title
 BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Adult ; Alcoholism/epidemiology* ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Sex Distribution ; Sex Factors
Keywords
Gender Difference ; Alcohol Drinking ; Socioeconomic Characteristic ; Gender Role Orientation ; Korea National Health
Abstract
Background: It is important to identify and quantify the factors that affect gender differences in high-risk drinking (HRD), from both an academic and a policy perspective. However, little is currently known about them. This study examines these factors and estimates the percentage contribution each makes to gender differences in HRD. Methods: This study analyzed information on 23,587 adults obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys of 1998, 2001, and 2005. It found that the prevalence of HRD was about 5 times higher among men (0.37) than women (0.08). Using a decomposition approach extended from the Oaxaca-Blinder method, we decomposed the gender difference in HRD to an "overall composition effect" (contributions due to gender differences in the distribution of observed socio-economic characteristics), and an "overall HRD-tendency effect" (contributions due to gender differences in tendencies in HRD for individuals who share socio-economic characteristics). Results: The HRD-tendency effect accounted for 96% of the gender difference in HRD in South Korea, whereas gender differences in observed socio-economic characteristics explained just 4% of the difference. Notably, the gender-specific HRD-tendency effect accounts for 90% of the gender difference in HRD. Conclusion: We came to a finding that gender-specific HRD tendency is the greatest contributor to gender differences in HRD. Therefore, to effective reduce HRD, it will be necessary to understand gender differences in socioeconomic characteristics between men and women but also take notice of such differences in sociocultural settings as they experience. And it will be also required to prepare any gender-differentiated intervention strategy for men and women.
Files in This Item:
T201205671.pdf Download
DOI
22304965
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lim, Seung Ji(임승지)
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89799
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