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Incidence and risk factors of acute kidney injury after thoracic aortic surgery for acute dissection

 Go Un Roh  ;  Jong Wha Lee  ;  Sang Beom Nam  ;  Jonghoon Lee  ;  Jong-rim Choi  ;  Yon Hee Shim 
 Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol.94(3) : 766-771, 2012 
Journal Title
 Annals of Thoracic Surgery 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after thoracic aortic surgery in heterogeneous patient cohorts, including various aortic diseases and the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Moderate hypothermia with cerebral perfusion makes deep hypothermia nonessential, but can make end organs susceptible to ischemia during circulatory arrest. We investigated the incidence and risk factors of AKI after thoracic aortic surgery with and without moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest for acute dissection. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 98 patients undergoing graft replacement of the thoracic aorta for acute dissection between 2008 and 2011 at a university hospital. Acute kidney injury was defined by RIFLE criteria, which is based on serum creatinine or glomerular filtration rate. RESULTS: The mean age was 55±15 years. The surgical procedures, 96% of which were emergencies, involved the ascending aorta (67%), aortic arch (41%), descending aorta (41%), and aortic valve (5%). Moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest was performed in 75%. The overall incidence of AKI was 54%, and 11% of 98 patients required renal replacement therapy. Thirty-day mortality increased with AKI severity (p=0.002). Independent risk factors for AKI were long cardiopulmonary bypass duration (>180 minutes; odds ratio, 7.50; p=0.008) and preoperative serum creatinine level (odds ratio, 8.43; p=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Acute kidney injury was common after thoracic aortic surgery for acute dissection with or without moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and worsened 30-day mortality. Prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass and increased preoperative serum creatinine were independent risk factors for AKI, but moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest was not. Copyright © 2012 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
남상범(Nam, Sang Beom)
노고운(Roh, Go Un)
심연희(Shim, Yon Hee) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1921-3391
이종화(Lee, Jong Wha)
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