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Impact of Surgical Varicocele Repair on Pregnancy Rate in Subfertile Men With Clinical Varicocele and Impaired Semen Quality: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

 Kyu Hyun Kim ; Joo Yong Lee ; Kang Su Cho ; Ju Tae Seo ; Hyungmin Lee ; Dong Hyuk Kang 
 Korean Journal of Urology, Vol.54(10) : 703~709, 2013 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Urology 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: To elucidate the impact of surgical varicocele repair on the pregnancy rate through new meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials that compared surgical varicocele repair and observation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed and Embase online databases were searched for studies released before December 2012. References were manually reviewed, and two researchers independently extracted the data. To assess the quality of the studies, the Cochrane risk of bias as a quality assessment tool for randomized controlled trials was applied. RESULTS: Seven randomized clinical trials were included in our meta-analyses, all of which compared pregnancy outcomes between surgical varicocele repair and control. There were differences in enrollment criteria among the studies. Four studies included patients with clinical varicocele, but three studies enrolled patients with subclinical varicocele. Meanwhile, four trials enrolled patients with impaired semen quality only, but the other three trials did not. In a meta-analysis of all seven trials, a forest plot using the random-effects model showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 4.66; p=0.1621). However, for subanalysis of three studies that included patients with clinical varicocele and abnormal semen parameters, the fixed-effects pooled OR was significant (OR, 4.15; 95% CI, 2.31 to 7.45; p<0.001), favoring varicocelectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Varicocelectomy for male subfertility is proven effective in men with clinical varicocele and impaired semen quality. Therefore, surgical repair should be offered as the first-line treatment of clinical varicocele in subfertile men.
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1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Urology
Yonsei Authors
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