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Loss of TBK1 Induces Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition in the Breast Cancer Cells by ERα Downregulation

Authors
 Kyung-Min Yang  ;  YunShin Jung  ;  Jeong-Mi Lee  ;  WonJoo Kim  ;  Jin Ki Cho  ;  Joon Jeong  ;  Seong-Jin Kim 
Citation
 CANCER RESEARCH, Vol.73(22) : 6679-6689, 2013 
Journal Title
 CANCER RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0008-5472 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Animals ; Breast Neoplasms/genetics ; Breast Neoplasms/pathology* ; Cells, Cultured ; Down-Regulation ; Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics* ; Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics* ; Female ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Gene Silencing/physiology ; Humans ; MCF-7 Cells ; Mice ; Mice, SCID ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics*
Keywords
Animals ; Breast Neoplasms/genetics ; Breast Neoplasms/pathology* ; Cells, Cultured ; Down-Regulation ; Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics* ; Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics* ; Female ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Gene Silencing/physiology ; Humans ; MCF-7 Cells ; Mice ; Mice, SCID ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics*
Abstract
Estrogen receptor α (ERα) is the pivotal regulator of proliferation and differentiation in mammary epithelia, where it serves as a crucial prognostic marker and therapeutic target in breast cancer. In this study, we show that the loss of the kinase TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition in ERα-positive breast cancer cells by downregulating ERα expression. TBK1 was overexpressed in ERα-positive breast cancers, where it was associated with distant metastasis-free survival in patients, whereas it was underexpressed in ERα-negative breast cancers. TBK1 silencing decreased expression of epithelial markers and increased expression of mesenchymal markers in ERα-positive breast cancer cells, enhancing tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo in a manner associated with downregulation of ERα expression. Mechanistically, TBK1 silencing reduced FOXO3A binding to the ERα promoter by inducing the translocation of phosphorylated FOXO3A from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Thus, our results indicate that the loss of TBK1 expression parallels the loss of ERα expression, in turn helping drive an aggressive breast cancer phenotype.
Full Text
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/73/22/6679.long
DOI
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-0891
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jeong, Joon(정준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0397-0005
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88567
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