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급성복막염 환자에서 수술 직후 측정한 프리알부민과 알부민의 임상적 의미

Other Titles
 Clinical Significance of Postoperative Prealbumin and Albumin Levels in Critically Ill Patients who Underwent Emergency Surgery for Acute Peritonitis 
Authors
 이승환 ; 장지영 ; 이재길 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine (대한중환자의학회지), Vol.28(4) : 247~254, 2013 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine  (대한중환자의학회지) 
ISSN
 1229-4802 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
Background Many studies have shown that serum albumin and prealbumin levels correlate with patient outcomes in critically ill patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of prealbumin and albumin levels in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) after emergency surgery for acute peritonitis. Methods We examined serum albumin and prealbumin as markers for the prediction of patient outcome in 51 patients admitted to the ICU after emergency surgery from January to December in 2012. Biochemical parameters were measured postoperatively. Serum albumin and prealbumin levels were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Patients were also divided according to the occurrence of shock and pulmonary complications (shock group vs. non-shock group, pulmonary complications group vs. non-pulmonary complications group), and outcome analysis was performed for age, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, length of ICU stay (IS), length of hospital stay (HS), mechanical ventilation, and APACHE II score. Serum albumin and prealbumin levels were evaluated for any correlation with complications and mortality. Results In patients with shock, prealbumin and albumin were significantly decreased (p = 0.047, p = 0.036). Additionally, albumin was significantly decreased in patients with pulmonary complications. Neither albumin nor prealbumin, however, showed a correlation with mortality. Prealbumin showed a correlation with serum albumin, CRP level, and HS (r = 0.511, p < 0.001; r = -0.438, p = 0.002; and r = -0.45, p = 0.001, respectively). Albumin showed a correlation with HS, IS, and APACHE II score (r = -0.404, p = 0.003; r = -0.424, p = 0.002; and r = -0.40, p = 0.006, respectively). Conclusions The initial prealbumin level measured upon admission to the ICU after gastrointestinal emergency surgery can be useful predictor of shock. The initial albumin level was significantly low in patients with shock and pulmonary complications. However, neither prealbumin nor albumin showed a correlation with mortality. Our study also showed that albumin and prealbumin levels are affected by other factors, such as massive hydration and severe inflammation, as reported in previous studies.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88542
DOI
10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.4.247
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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