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A Nationwide Epidemiological Study of Nocturnal Enuresis in Korean Adolescents and Adults: Population Based Cross Sectional Study

Authors
 Minki Baek  ;  Kwanjin Park  ;  Hahn-Ey Lee  ;  Ju Hyung Kang  ;  Hong Jin Suh  ;  Ji Hong Kim  ;  Sang Don Lee  ;  Ki Soo Pai  ;  Sang Won Han  ;  Yong Hoon Park  ;  Kyung Do Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.28(7) : 1065-1070, 2013 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE 
ISSN
 1011-8934 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Nocturnal Enuresis/epidemiology* ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Sleep Wake Disorders ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology ; Young Adult
Keywords
Adolescent ; Adult ;  Enuresis ; Epidemiologic Studies ; Urinary Incontinence
Abstract
We performed a nationwide epidemiological study to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in Korean adolescents and adults. A questionnaire was sent via e-mail to 51,073 people aged 16-40 yr by stratified sampling according to age, sex, and region among a 200,000 internet survey panel pool. The questionnaire included following information; presence or absence of NE, frequency of NE, possible risk factors for NE, self-esteem scale score and depression score results, and measures for the treatment of NE. Among the 2,117 responders, 54 (2.6%) had NE (≥1 enuretic episode within 6 months). Of 54 bedwetters, 9.3% wet ≥1 night per week and 20.5% wet ≥1 per month. The prevalence rates remained relatively stable with no apparent trend of reduction with age. The presence of sleep disturbance, family history, urgency, or urge incontinence increased the probability of NE episode significantly. The self-esteem score was lower (P=0.053) and the depression scale score was higher (P=0.003) in bedwetters compared with non-bedwetters. Overall 2.6% of Korean aged 16-40 yr have NE. The higher rate of urgency and urge incontinence in adolescent and adult enuretics suggests that bladder function has an important role in adolescent and adult NE.
Files in This Item:
T201303625.pdf Download
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2013.28.7.1065
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ji Hong(김지홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5352-5423
Han, Sang Won(한상원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0941-1300
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88224
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