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Allergic diseases in preschoolers are associated with psychological and behavioural problems

 Hyoung Yoon Chang  ;  Ju-Hee Seo  ;  Hyung Young Kim  ;  Ji-Won Kwon  ;  Byoung-Ju Kim  ;  Hyo Bin Kim  ;  So-Yeon Lee  ;  Gwang Cheon Jang  ;  Dae Jin Song  ;  Woo Kyung Kim  ;  Jung Yeon Shim  ;  Ha-Jung Kim  ;  Jung-Won Park  ;  Sang-Heon Cho  ;  Joo-Shil Lee  ;  Yee-Jin Shi  ;  Soo-Jong Hong 
 ALLERGY ASTHMA & IMMUNOLOGY RESEARCH, Vol.5(5) : 315-321, 2013 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Preschool child ; allergic rhinitis ; asthma ; atopic dermatitis ; psychometrics
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between three major allergic diseases, asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR), and atopic dermatitis (AD), and psychological and behavioural problems in preschoolers based on a community survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire to determine the prevalence of symptoms and diagnosed allergic diseases, and a Korean version of the Child Behaviour Checklist to assess internalizing, externalizing, and sleep problems among 780 preschoolers. Five-hundred and seventy-five preschoolers with valid data were included in this study. RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime diagnosis and treatment in the past 12 months was 8.7% and 4.4% for asthma, 24.4% and 19.2% for AR, and 35.1% and 16.6% for AD, respectively. Scores for internalizing and sleep problems were significantly higher in those diagnosed with AR. Preschoolers who had been treated for AD in the past 12 months had higher attention problem and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder scores. Sleep problems were more severe in moderate to severe AD compared to control and mild AD groups, categorised according to SCOring index of AD. The severity of sleep problems correlated positively with the percentage of eosinophils in peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological and behavioural problems differed among the three major allergic diseases, weaker association for asthma and stronger association for AR and AD. The results of this study may lead to the identification of potential underlying shared mechanisms common to allergic diseases and psychological and behavioural problems
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Yee Jin(신의진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8573-4342
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