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Avoidable Causes of Delayed Enteral Nutrition in Critically Ill Children

 Hosun Lee  ;  Shin Ok Koh  ;  Hyungmi Kim  ;  Myung Hyun Sohn  ;  Kyu-Earn Kim  ;  Kyung Won Kim 
 Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol.28(7) : 1055-1059, 2013 
Journal Title
 Journal of Korean Medical Science 
Issue Date
To evaluate the incidence of delayed enteral nutrition (EN) and identify avoidable causes of delay, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of 200 children (median age [range]; 37.5 [1-216] months) who stayed in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a minimum of 3 days. Among 200 children, 115 received EN following ICU admission with a median time of EN initiation of 5 days after admission. Of these, only 22 patients achieved the estimated energy requirement. A significant decrease in the final z score of weight for age from the initial assessment was observed in the non-EN group only (-1.3±2.17 to -1.57±2.35, P<0.001). More survivors than non-survivors received EN during their ICU stay (61.2% vs 30.0%, P=0.001) and received EN within 72 hr of ICU admission (19.8% vs 3.3%, P=0.033). The most common reason for delayed EN was gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, followed by altered GI motility and hemodynamic instability. Only eight cases of GI bleeding and one case of altered GI motility were diagnosed as active GI bleeding and ileus, respectively. This study showed that the strategies to reduce avoidable withholding EN are necessary to improve the nutrition status of critically ill children.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
고신옥(Koh, Shin Ok)
김경원(Kim, Kyung Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4529-6135
김규언(Kim, Kyu Earn)
손명현(Sohn, Myung Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
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