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Left Atrial Function Assessed by Doppler Echocardiography Rather Than Left Atrial Volume Predicts Recurrence in Patients With Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

 Ji Hyun Yoon  ;  Jeonggeun Moon  ;  Hye moon Chung  ;  Eui-Young Choi  ;  Jong-Youn Kim  ;  Pil-ki Min  ;  Young-won Yoon  ;  Byoung-kwon Lee  ;  Bum-kee Hong  ;  Hyuck-moon Kwon  ;  Se-Joong Rim 
 Clinical Cardiology, Vol.36(4) : 235-240, 2013 
Journal Title
 Clinical Cardiology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PaAF) may present as a single self-terminating episode of atrial fibrillation (AF) or a more persistent form after sinus conversion. We investigated predictors of recurrence in patients with PaAF. HYPOTHESIS: Left atrial function would be an useful parameter for predicting PaAF recurrence. METHODS: The study population included 228 PaAF patients (131 males, age 64±14 years) who underwent transthoracic echocardiography immediately after spontaneous sinus conversion at initial AF diagnosis. We followed the study patients for AF recurrence. RESULTS: AF recurrence was demonstrated in 45 patients (20%, age 68±13 years) after spontaneous sinus conversion. Patients with recurrence had larger left atrial volume index (32±12 vs 25±10 mL/m2, P<0.001), left ventricle mass index (107±34 vs 93±25 g/m2, P=0.012), and left ventricle filling pressure (E/e'') (14±7 vs 12±5, P=0.012), whereas early diastolic mitral annular velocity (e') (5±2 vs 6±3 cm/s, P=0.021), late diastolic mitral annular velocity (A') (7±3 vs 9±2 cm/s, P<0.001), and peak systolic mitral annular velocity (7±2 vs 8±2 cm/s, P=0.045) were significantly lower. In multivariate Cox regression analysis detecting independent predictors of PaAF recurrence, lower A' (hazard ratio: 0.623, 95% confidence interval: 0.476-0.815, P=0.001) was a significant predictor of AF recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: A', which indicates left atrial (LA) contractile function after sinus conversion, was the independent predictor of PaAF recurrence, whereas LA volume was not. LA function may be more important than LA volume in predicting recurrence particularly in patients with PaAF.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
권혁문(Kwon, Hyuck Moon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9901-5015
김종윤(Kim, Jong Youn) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
문정근(Moon, Jeong Geun)
민필기(Min, Pil Ki)
윤영원(Yoon, Young Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0907-0350
윤지현(Yoon, Ji Hyun)
이병권(Lee, Byoung Kwon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9259-2776
임세중(Rim, Se Joong)
정혜문(Chung, Hye Moon)
최의영(Choi, Eui Young) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3732-0190
홍범기(Hong, Bum Kee)
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