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Association of Serum Osteoprotegerin With Vascular Calcification, and Cardiovascular and Graft Outcomes in Kidney Transplant Patients: Results From the KNOW-KT

 Hee Jung Jeon  ;  Jung-Hwa Ryu  ;  Myung-Gyu Kim  ;  Kyu Ha Huh  ;  Kyo Won Lee  ;  Chan-Duck Kim  ;  Kyung Pyo Kang  ;  Han Ro  ;  Seungyeup Han  ;  Jaeseok Yang  ;  KNOW-KT Study Group 
 TRANSPLANTATION, Vol.108(5) : 1239-1248, 2024-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Ankle Brachial Index ; Biomarkers / blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases / blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis ; Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology ; Female ; Graft Rejection / blood ; Graft Rejection / etiology ; Graft Survival ; Humans ; Kidney Transplantation* / adverse effects ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Osteoprotegerin* / blood ; Prospective Studies ; Pulse Wave Analysis ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Time Factors ; Treatment Outcome ; Vascular Calcification* / blood ; Vascular Calcification* / etiology ; Vascular Stiffness*
Background: Vascular calcification and stiffness contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study investigated associations between serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels and vascular calcification or stiffness to assess cardiovascular and graft outcomes in kidney transplant patients.

Methods: The KoreaN cohort study for Outcome in patients With Kidney Transplantation was a prospective multicenter cohort study. Serum OPG levels were measured at baseline and 3 y after transplantation in 1018 patients. Patients were classified into high and low OPG groups according to median serum OPG levels. The median follow-up duration was 93.5 mo.

Results: The mean age was 45.8 ± 11.7 y and 62.9% were men. Patients with high OPG had significantly higher coronary artery calcium scores, abdominal aortic calcification scores, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocities than those with lower OPG; these parameters remained significant for 5 y after transplantation. The 3-y OPG levels were lower than baseline values ( P < 0.001) and were positively correlated ( r = 0.42, P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high OPG levels were significantly associated with posttransplant cardiovascular events ( P = 0.008) and death-censored graft loss ( P = 0.004). Similar findings regarding posttransplant cardiovascular events ( P = 0.012) and death-censored graft loss ( P = 0.037) were noted in patients with high OPG at the 3-y follow-up. Mediation analyses revealed that coronary artery calcium scores, abdominal aortic calcification scores, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocities could act as mediators between serum OPG levels and posttransplant cardiovascular events.

Conclusions: Serum OPG concentration is associated with vascular calcification and stiffness and could be a significant risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes and graft loss in patients undergoing kidney transplantation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yang, Jaeseok(양재석)
Huh, Kyu Ha(허규하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1364-6989
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