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The Association between Replacement Drivers and Depressive Symptoms

Authors
 Jongmin Lee  ;  Heejoo Park  ;  Juyeon Oh  ;  Juho Sim  ;  Chorom Lee  ;  Yangwook Kim  ;  Byungyoon Yun  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.20(1) : 575, 2023-01 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2023-01
MeSH
Automobile Driving* ; Depression* / epidemiology ; Humans ; Nutrition Surveys ; Patient Health Questionnaire ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
depressive symptoms ; gig worker ; machine learning ; paid workers ; replacement driver
Abstract
A replacement driver is a type of gig worker who provides driving services to the target point with the drunk driver's own car. This study aimed to examine the association of replacement drivers (ref: paid workers) with depressive symptoms. Information on replacement drivers was collected through online/offline surveys. Data from the 8th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were applied to construct the control group. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9; >= 5 points was defined as depressive symptoms. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by performing multivariable logistic regression analysis. The mean age of replacement drivers was 56.11. The prevalence of depressive symptoms in replacement drivers and controls were 49.63% and 12.64%, respectively. Replacement drivers showed a higher association with depressive symptoms than paid workers (aOR 7.89, 95% CI [5.53-11.26]). This relationship was prominent in the older, low-education, and low-income groups. Linear discriminant analysis was the most effective in predicting depressive symptoms among the machine learning models. Using the replacement driver feature increased the AUC values of the models. Given the strong association between depressive symptoms and replacement drivers, in-depth studies to establish guidelines to prevent mental diseases among replacement drivers are required.
Files in This Item:
T992023418.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph20010575
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sim, Juho(심주호)
Yun, Byungyoon(윤병윤)
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/199682
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