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Food Insecurity and Substance Use Among Young Adult College Students in the United States

Authors
 Hans Oh  ;  Lee Smith  ;  Louis Jacob  ;  Jinyu Du  ;  Jae Il Shin  ;  Sasha Zhou  ;  Ai Koyanagi 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF ADDICTION MEDICINE, Vol.17(2) : 163-168, 2023-03 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF ADDICTION MEDICINE
ISSN
 1932-0620 
Issue Date
2023-03
MeSH
COVID-19* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Food Insecurity ; Food Supply ; Humans ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Students / psychology ; Substance-Related Disorders* / epidemiology ; Substance-Related Disorders* / psychology ; United States / epidemiology ; Young Adult
Abstract
Background Food insecurity is prevalent among college students in the United States and has been associated with substance use. We sought to provide updated prevalence estimates and associations between food insecurity and a broad range of substances during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods Using cross-sectional data from the Health Minds Study (N = 94,722; September 2020-June 2021), we used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between food insecurity and several substances, adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, hours worked, and residence. We then added a block of adjustments consisting of mental health factors (depression, anxiety, loneliness, financial stress). Results Food insecurity was associated with significantly greater odds of having used most individual substances, including greater odds of binge drinking (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-1.30), cigarette use (aOR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.73-2.10), vaping (aOR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.62-1.87), and a range of illicit or prescription drugs (using any illicit/prescription drug; aOR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.32-1.55) These associations attenuated and many lost significance after adjusting for mental health factors. Conclusions This study found evidence to suggest that food insecurity is related to substance use in a large sample of young adult college students in the United States, calling for targeted interventions. © Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Full Text
https://journals.lww.com/journaladdictionmedicine/fulltext/2023/03000/food_insecurity_and_substance_use_among_young.11.aspx
DOI
10.1097/ADM.0000000000001062
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Jae Il(신재일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2326-1820
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/197887
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