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Mechanical properties and sustainable bacterial resistance effect of strontium-modified phosphate-based glass microfiller in dental composite resins

 Hye-Bin Go  ;  Myung-Jin Lee  ;  Ji-Young Seo  ;  Sung-Yun Byun  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.13(1) : 17763, 2023-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Composite Resins* ; Elasticity ; Glass ; Materials Testing ; Methacrylates* ; Surface Properties
Dental composite resins are widely used in dental restorations. However, their clinical application is limited by the occurrence of secondary caries. Strontium-modified phosphate-based glass (Sr-PBG) is a material known to have a sustainable bacterial resistance effect. The mechanical properties (in particular, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, and hardness) of dental materials determine their function. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the mechanical and ion-releasing properties as well as the sustainable bacterial resistance effect of bioactive resin composites containing Sr-PBG. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tuckey's tests (p < 0.05). We incorporated a Sr-PBG microfiller at 3, 6, and 9 wt.% concentrations into a commercially available composite resin and investigated the mechanical properties (flexural strength, elastic modulus, and micro hardness), ion release characteristics, and color of the resultant resins. In addition, we examined the antibacterial effects of the composite resins against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). The mechanical properties of the Sr-PBG groups differed only slightly from those of the control group (p > 0.05). However, the optical density at 600 nm of S. mutans incubated on the experimental group was significantly lower compared to that observed with the control (p < 0.05) both before and after thermocycling between 5 and 55 ℃ for 850 cycles (dwell time: 45 s). Therefore, strontium-modified resin materials exhibited a sustainable bacterial resistance effect in vitro while maintaining some of the mechanical properties of ordinary acrylic resins.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
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