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Snoring might be a warning sign for metabolic syndrome in nonobese Korean women

 Suk Won Chang  ;  Ha Young Lee  ;  Hyun Seung Choi  ;  Jung Hyun Chang  ;  Gil Chai Lim  ;  Ju Wan Kang 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.13(1) : 17041, 2023-10 
Journal Title
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Adult ; Aged ; Body Mass Index ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome* / metabolism ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Obesity / complications ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Snoring / complications
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an underlying cause of various diseases and is strongly associated with mortality. In particular, it has been steadily increasing along with changes in diet and lifestyle habits. The close relationship between sleep apnea and MetS is well established. In addition, these two diseases share a common factor of obesity and have a high prevalence among obese individuals. Nevertheless, the association can vary depending on factors, such as race and sex, and research on the relatively low obesity rates among East Asians is lacking. This study aimed to investigate the association between snoring and MetS in nonobese Koreans. A total of 2478 participants (827 men and 1651 women) were enrolled in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2019 to 2020. We used the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for MetS and a snoring questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to measure the association between MetS and various confounding factors according to age and sex in participants with body mass index (BMI) < 23 kg/m2. MetS was significantly higher in participants with snoring than in those without snoring (26.9% vs. 19.6%; p = 0.007). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR] 1.070, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.059-1.082, p < .001), sex (OR 1.531, 95% CI 1.139-2.058, p = 0.005), and snoring (OR 1.442, 95% CI 1.050-1.979, p = 0.024) were significantly associated with MetS in patients with a BMI < 23 kg/m2. Finally, regression analysis showed that snoring was significantly associated with MetS in women with a BMI of less than 23 kg/m2, especially with younger ages (40-49 years, OR 4.449, 95% CI 1.088 to 18.197, p = 0.038). Snoring was closely associated with MetS in women aged 40-50 years with a BMI of less than 23 kg/m2 compared to other participants. However, the association was not found in women aged 60 and over. Therefore, sufficient consideration should be given to the possibility of MetS when snoring is present in nonobese middle-aged Asian women.

© 2023. Springer Nature Limited.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Ju Wan(강주완)
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