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Long-term efficacy and safety of adjunctive perampanel in pediatric patients aged 4-19 years with epilepsy: a real-world study

Authors
 Song Ee Youn  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  Se Hee Kim 
Citation
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.13(1) : 14369, 2023-12 
Journal Title
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Issue Date
2023-12
MeSH
Adolescent ; Child ; Dental Care ; Epilepsy* ; Humans ; Pyridones ; Seizures
Abstract
This study determined the 24-month outcomes of perampanel treatment in children and adolescents with epilepsy. The percentage of ≥ 50% responders was 47.3% (139/294) at 12 months and 49.0% (144/294) at 24 months. A 100% reduction in seizures for more than 12 months was observed in 12.2% (36/294). Discontinuation occurred in 39.8% (117/294). The most common reason for discontinuation was adverse events (29.1%, 34/117). Baseline seizure frequency was higher in children aged < 12 years than in patients aged ≥ 12 years; however, the percentage of seizure reduction and ≥ 50% responders did not significantly differ between the two groups. The rate of early discontinuation was higher (p < 0.001) and the duration of perampanel treatment was shorter in children aged < 12 years (p = 0.001). Most children aged < 12 years discontinued PER due to inadequate effectiveness, while adverse event was the most common reason in patients aged ≥ 12 years (p = 0.045). Only slow titration was significantly associated with ≥ 50% of responders. In conclusion, this study showed that perampanel can be utilized effectively and safely for a prolonged period in pediatric patients aged 4 to < 12 years, as well as in patients aged 12 years and older.

© 2023. Springer Nature Limited.
Files in This Item:
T202305658.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/s41598-023-40594-8
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Se Hee(김세희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7773-1942
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Youn, Song Ee(윤송이)
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/196514
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