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Efficacy of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Synergy Stents in Patients Aged ≥75 Years: 1-Year Clinical Outcomes from the Synergy Elderly Registry

 Jong-Il Park  ;  Seung-Jun Lee  ;  Young-Joon Hong  ;  Sang-Yong Yoo  ;  Yong-Sung Seo  ;  Eui Im  ;  Jong-Kwan Park  ;  Jin-Bae Lee  ;  Yong-Joon Lee  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.204 : 43-52, 2023-10 
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aging ; coronary artery disease ; drug-eluting stents ; percutaneous coronary intervention
Data regarding the clinical outcomes of older patients after Synergy everolimus-eluting stent (S-EES) implantation are limited. This study investigated the 12-month clinical outcomes of older patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with new-generation drug-eluting stents according to ischemic risks. This prospective multicenter study targeted patients aged ≥75 years who underwent S-EES implantation. The primary and secondary end points included 12-month device-oriented composite end point (DOCE) (cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization) and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; all-cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, stent thrombosis, or stroke), respectively. A stratified analysis was conducted according to high-ischemic risk (HIR), defined as complex coronary intervention (number of stents implanted ≥3, total stented length >60 mm, chronic total occlusion, left main, or bifurcation), diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. In total, 650 enrolled patients aged ≥75 years were categorized into HIR (n = 425) and non-HIR groups (n = 225). In the total population, the 1-year incidence of DOCEs was 2.5%. The rates of DOCEs were not significantly different between the HIR and the non-HIR groups, whereas the MACCE rate was higher in the HIR (9.4%) than the non-HIR group (4.9%, p = 0.035), and the DOCE and MACCE components did not differ significantly in the occurrence between the groups. The independent predictors for the DOCEs or MACCEs included age, anemia, or left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. In conclusion, in older patients, S-EES implantation demonstrated favorable device-related outcomes, regardless of procedural complexity or co-morbidities. However, it requires careful attention because older patients with HIR are associated with worse clinical outcomes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Seung-Jun(이승준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9201-4818
Lee, Yong Joon(이용준)
Im, Eui(임의) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5333-7593
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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