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School-related adjustment in children and adolescents with CHD

Authors
 Yu-Mi Im  ;  Sunhee Lee  ;  Tae-Jin Yun  ;  Jae Young Choi 
Citation
 CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG, Vol.27(7) : 1349-1355, 2017-09 
Journal Title
CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG
ISSN
 1047-9511 
Issue Date
2017-09
MeSH
Adaptation ; Psychological ; Adolescent ; Child ; Female ; Heart Defects ; Congenital / psychology* ; Humans ; Male ; Parents / education ; Quality of Life* ; Republic of Korea ; Schools* ; Social Adjustment*
Keywords
CHD ; Social adjustment ; school ; self-concept
Abstract
Advancements in medical and surgical treatment have increased the life expectancy of patients with CHD. Many patients with CHD, however, struggle with the medical, psychosocial, and behavioural challenges as they transition from childhood to adulthood. Specifically, the environmental and lifestyle challenges in school are very important factors that affect children and adolescents with CHD. This study aimed to evaluate school-related adjustments depending on school level and disclosure of disease in children and adolescents with CHD. This was a descriptive and exploratory study with 205 children and adolescents, aged 7-18 years, who were recruited from two congenital heart clinics from 5 January to 27 February, 2015. Data were analysed using the Student's t-test, analysis of variance, and a univariate general linear model. School-related adjustment scores were significantly different according to school level and disclosure of disease (p<0.001) when age, religion, experience being bullied, and parents' educational levels were assigned as covariates. The school-related adjustment score of patients who did not disclose their disease dropped significantly in high school. This indicated that it is important for healthcare providers to plan developmentally appropriate educational transition programmes for middle-school students with CHD in order for students to prepare themselves before entering high school.
Full Text
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/cardiology-in-the-young/article/schoolrelated-adjustment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chd/893C4ED938E1B37403213209EF039E6D
DOI
10.1017/S1047951117000324
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Jae Young(최재영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1247-6669
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/195651
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