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Prognostic impact of R1 resection margin in synchronous and simultaneous colorectal liver metastasis resection: a retrospective cohort study

 Na Reum Kim  ;  Essam Dhafer Alhothaifi  ;  Dai Hoon Han  ;  Jin Sub Choi  ;  Gi Hong Choi 
 WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, Vol.21(1) : 169, 2023-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Colorectal Neoplasms* / pathology ; Hepatectomy ; Humans ; Liver Neoplasms* / pathology ; Margins of Excision ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery ; Prognosis ; Retrospective Studies ; Survival Rate
Chemotherapy ; Colorectal cancer liver metastasis ; Long-term outcome ; Prognostic factor ; R1 resection
Background: A margin ≥ 1 mm is considered a standard resection margin for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). However, microscopic incomplete resection (R1) is not rare since aggressive surgical resection has been attempted in multiple and bilobar CRLM. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of resection margins and perioperative chemotherapy in patients with CRLM.

Methods: A total of 368 of 371 patients who underwent simultaneous colorectal and liver resection for synchronous CRLM between 2006 and June 2017, excluding three R2 resections, were included in this study. R1 resection was defined as either abutting tumor on the resection line or involved margin in the pathological report. The patients were divided into R0 (n = 304) and R1 (n = 64) groups. The clinicopathological characteristics, overall survival, and intrahepatic recurrence-free survival were compared between the two groups using propensity score matching.

Results: The R1 group had more patients with ≥ 4 liver lesions (27.3 vs. 50.0%, P < 0.001), higher mean tumor burden score (4.4 vs. 5.8%, P = 0.003), and more bilobar disease (38.8 vs. 67.2%, P < 0.001) than the R0 group. Both R0 and R1 groups showed similar long-term outcomes in the total cohort (OS, P = 0.149; RFS, P = 0.414) and after matching (OS, P = 0.097, RFS: P = 0.924). However, the marginal recurrence rate was higher in the R1 group than in the R0 group (26.6 vs. 16.1%, P = 0.048). Furthermore, the resection margin did not have a significant impact on OS and RFS, regardless of preoperative chemotherapy. Poorly differentiated, N-positive stage colorectal cancer, liver lesion number ≥ 4, and size ≥ 5 cm were poor prognostic factors, and adjuvant chemotherapy had a positive impact on survival.

Conclusions: The R1 group was associated with aggressive tumor characteristics; however, no effect on the OS and intrahepatic RFS with or without preoperative chemotherapy was observed in this study. Tumor biological characteristics, rather than resection margin status, determine long-term prognosis. Therefore, aggressive surgical resection should be considered in patients with CRLM expected to undergo R1 resection in this multidisciplinary approach era.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Na Reum(김나름)
Choi, Gi Hong(최기홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1593-3773
Choi, Jin Sub(최진섭)
Han, Dai Hoon(한대훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2787-7876
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