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Ethnicity, Social, and Clinical Risk Factors to Tooth Loss among Older Adults in the U.S., NHANES 2011-2018

Authors
 Haeok Lee  ;  Deogwoon Kim  ;  Andrew Jung  ;  Wonjeong Chae 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.19(4) : 2382, 2022-02 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2022-02
MeSH
Aged ; Ethnicity* ; Humans ; Nutrition Surveys ; Racial Groups ; Risk Factors ; Tooth Loss* / epidemiology ; United States / epidemiology
Keywords
dementia ; ethnicity ; health disparities ; older adults ; oral health ; social factors
Abstract
Background: Many older adults suffer from poor oral health, including tooth loss, and disparities among racial/ethnic and socially disadvantaged populations continue to exist.

Methods: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey among the adult population in the U.S. The prevalence of edentulism and multiple regression models were conducted on 15,821 adults, including Asians, Blacks, Hispanics, Whites, and others to assess the relationships between tooth loss and their predictors.

Results: The prevalence of complete tooth loss increased with age from 0.7% for ages 20-44 to 20.2% for ages 65 and over. There are disparities in complete tooth loss regarding race/ethnicity, with the highest percentages (9%) among Whites and Blacks and the lowest percentages among Asians (3%) and Hispanics (4%). After adjusting for predictors, their impact on tooth loss was not consistent within racial/ethnic groups, as Asians had more tooth loss from Model 1 (β = -1.974, p < 0.0001) to Model 5 (β = -1.1705, p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: Tooth loss was significantly higher among older adults and racial/ethnic groups even after controlling for other predictors among a nationally representative sample. The findings point to the fact that subgroup-tailored preventions are necessary.
Files in This Item:
T9992023151.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph19042382
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chae, Wonjeong(채원정)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/194493
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