0 400

Cited 0 times in

A decrease in the incidence of encephalitis in South Korea during the COVID‐19 pandemic: A nationwide study between 2010 and 2021

Authors
 Se Hee Kim  ;  Jee Yeon Baek  ;  Minkyung Han  ;  Myeongjee Lee  ;  Sung Min Lim  ;  Ji Young Lee  ;  Ji-Man Kang  ;  Inkyung Jung  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang  ;  Jong Gyun Ahn 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, Vol.95(2) : e28490, 2023-02 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
ISSN
 0146-6615 
Issue Date
2023-02
MeSH
COVID-19* / epidemiology ; Child ; Encephalitis* ; Humans ; Incidence ; Pandemics ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology
Keywords
COVID-19 pandemic ; South Korea ; children ; encephalitis ; secular trends
Abstract
Limited data are available on the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on encephalitis. Therefore, we evaluated trends in encephalitis in South Korea between 2010 and 2021 using data from the National Health Insurance Service. During the pandemic (February 2020 to 2021), the monthly incidence of encephalitis declined by 0.027 per 100 000 population (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.055 to 0.001, p = 0.062) compared to that before the pandemic. In subgroup analysis, the estimated coefficient for level change during the pandemic in the 0-4 and 5-9 years age groups were -2.050 (95% CI: -2.972 to -1.128, p < 0.001) and -0.813 (95% CI: -1.399 to -0.227, p = 0.008), respectively. The annual incidence of encephalitis during the pandemic period significantly decreased in the 0-4 and 5-9 years age groups (incidence rate ratio: 0.34 [p = 0.007] and 0.28 [p = 0.024], respectively). The intensive care unit admission rate (39.1% vs. 58.9%, p < 0.001) and cases of death (8.9% vs. 11.1%, p < 0.001) decreased significantly during the pandemic compared to the prepandemic. During the pandemic, the incidence of encephalitis decreased markedly in South Korea, particularly in children aged ≤9 years. In addition, there were changes in the clinical outcome of encephalitis during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jmv.28490
DOI
10.1002/jmv.28490
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Ji-Man(강지만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0678-4964
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Se Hee(김세희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7773-1942
Baek, Jee Yeon(백지연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6674-8618
Ahn, Jong Gyun(안종균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5748-0015
Lee, Myeongjee(이명지)
Lee, Ji Young(이지영)
Lim, Sungmin(임성민)
Jung, Inkyung(정인경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3780-3213
Han, Minkyung(한민경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5011-5557
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/193627
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links